6 Jun 2018 Ferado

Police detain union members demanding reinstatement of dismissed workers

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Turkey: Turkish police detained 13 members of the Confederation of Public Workers Unions (KESK) on Monday as they staged a protest demanding the reinstatement of workers who were dismissed by government decrees under a state of emergency declared in the aftermath of a controversial coup attempt on July 15, 2016.

According to a report by the pro-Kurdish Fırat news agency (ANF), KESK members were detained by police in the Bakırköy and Kadıköy districts of İstanbul. Police had also taken into custody union members who wanted to stage an action in Bakırköy alleging “security” reasons on Saturday.

Republican People’s Party (CHP) deputy Ali Şeker arrived in Bakırköy to support the workers and tried to talk the police out of their decision to disperse the sit-in. However, police surrounded the KESK members who were sitting with banners unfurled, battered them and took 13 into custody, according to ANF.

The police also prevented the press from taking pictures and cordoned off the KESK members to isolate them from the media.

Turkey survived a controversial military coup attempt on July 15, 2016 that killed 249 people. Immediately after the putsch, the Justice and Development Party (AKP) government along with President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan pinned the blame on the Gülen movement.

Fethullah Gülen, who inspired the movement, strongly denied having any role in the failed coup and called for an international investigation into it, but President Erdoğan — calling the coup attempt “a gift from God” — and the government initiated a widespread purge aimed at cleansing sympathizers of the movement from within state institutions, dehumanizing its popular figures and putting them in custody.

Turkey has suspended or dismissed more than 150,000 judges, teachers, police and civil servants since July 15. On December 13, 2017 the Justice Ministry announced that 169,013 people have been the subject of legal proceedings on coup charges since the failed coup.
Turkish Interior Minister Süleyman Soylu announced on April 18, 2018 that the Turkish government had jailed 77,081 people between July 15, 2016 and April 11, 2018 over alleged links to the Gülen movement.

5 Jun 2018 Ferado

Italy’s new leaders to ‘review’ Renzi labour reforms

Italy: The legislation, introduced in 2015, made it easier for large companies to fire people and offered fiscal incentives for companies that hired permanent workers on new, less-protected terms.
Italy’s government was finally sworn in on Friday, ending months of political turmoil and the threat of a repeat election. But investors remain nervous, since the coalition promises to increase spending, slash taxes and challenge EU fiscal rules, which would add to Italy’s debt pile .
“People not only don’t have any (job) security to get married, they don’t even have any (job) security to book their holidays,” Di Maio, the 5-Star Movement’s leader, said in a Facebook post.
Di Maio was appointed as deputy prime minister and head of the newly merged labour and industry ministry.
Former Prime Minister Matteo Renzi pushed through the so-called Jobs Act in 2015, promising it would create jobs and end a situation where the vast majority of young people were employed via insecure short-term contracts.
But the reform was controversial. Big business cheered the tax breaks and the easing of firing restrictions. Unions said easier dismissal undermined basic workers’ rights.
Its results were also disputed. Employment has increased, but in the last two years most new jobs created have been the kind of temporary work the Jobs Act was supposed to deter.
Moreover, the rise in overall employment has been driven mainly by pension reforms by previous governments, which raised the retirement age, rather than more jobs for the young.
Italy’s unemployment rate stood at 11.2% in April.
“If we want to strengthen the economy, we need to reduce the uncertainties and one of the reasons for the uncertainties is the Jobs Act,” Di Maio said. “The Jobs Act must be reviewed.”
He did not give details of what the changes would entail.
At a party celebration in Rome on Saturday, Di Maio said he would work to create jobs that are relevant to today’s economy and push for an adequate minimum wage.
Some economists have said that rather than the Jobs Act, Italy needed investment in education and technology and, as in Germany, closer links between schools, universities and companies to boost jobs.

5 Jun 2018 Ferado

Germany 800,000 construction workers win pay rise

Germany: More than 800,000 construction workers will get a pay raise as a result of the deal. For full-time skilled construction workers this can mean a pay raise of around 200 Euros more per month.

“That’s the highest wage deal sealed nationwide this year,” IG BAU head Robert Feiger said to the news agency Reuters, adding that the result ensured workers finally got their fair share of the booming economy.

The German economy has had an upswing for many years now and expanded by 2.2 percent in 2017 and record low unemployment rates. Construction companies have a hard time finding enough workers for their projects which has made it easier for the union to get their demands through.

“We congratulate IG Bau in concluding this agreement after intense weeks of negotiations. It is a well-earned victory for construction workers in Germany through dialogue and negotiations. Clearly it is only fair that workers get a bigger share of profits since they are contributing to the boom,” said BWI’s General Secretary Ambet Yuson.

3 Jun 2018 Ferado

The United States of Americans opposed to Trump’s tariffs on Canada Having so aggressively poked a stick at his international allies, it’s fitting that Donald Trump’s Republican allies were among the loudest critics of his trade hostilities

Kevin Brady, an 11-term Congressman for suburban-rural Texas, wears a big hat in the House of Representatives as chairman of the ways and means committee. He was proudly at President Donald Trump’s side as Republicans rushed through a massive tax-cuts package last year. But he’s not letting any red “MAGA” hats near his bald pate this week, after the Trump administration slapped steel and aluminum tariffs on Canada, Mexico and the European Union.

“This action puts American workers and families at risk, whose jobs depend on fairly traded products from these important trading partners,” Brady said in a statement Thursday after the tariffs were announced. “And it hurts our efforts to create good-paying U.S. jobs by selling more ‘Made in America’ products to customers in these countries.”

His tax-bill-writing counterpart on the Senate’s finance committee, Orrin Hatch of Utah, felt the same way: “Tariffs on steel and aluminum imports are a tax hike on Americans and will have damaging consequences for consumers, manufacturers and workers.”

Having so aggressively poked a stick at his international allies, it’s fitting that Trump’s Republican allies were among the loudest critics of his trade hostilities. “This is a big mistake,” said Sen. Lamar Alexander of Tennessee. Sen. Ben Sasse of Nebraska called it “dumb” and quipped: “Make America Great Again shouldn’t mean Make America 1929 Again.”

READ: Ronald Reagan had a message about free trade with Canada that Donald Trump needs to hear

By putting traditional U.S. friends in a retaliatory mood and irking his own Grand Old Party, Trump accomplish a rare feat: the President has finally created some unity in his deeply-divided country. Pretty much everyone is miffed.

Here’s Elise Stefanik, a Republican congresswoman from upstate New York: “As a Northern Border district, I am concerned that these tariffs could incentivize Canadian firms in our district to leave, or possibly incentivize Canada to impose harmful tariffs on our own products.”

Tim Ryan, a Democrat from rust-belt Ohio who supports a NAFTA overhaul: “This decision could be a disaster if not overturned soon. Of particular concern, we are punishing our friends in Canada and Europe who have similar—and in some cases, stronger—worker protections and environmental standards.”

Democratic Sen. Ron Wyden, of Oregon, cheered Trump’s tariffs—when they were applied to China. Now, not so much: these tariffs, on the very allies we need to pressure China, make no sense. To date the Administration appears to be pursuing a trade policy that creates economic chaos and uncertainty rather than jobs for hard working Americans.”

Organized labour had also been rah-rahing trade actions against China, in hopes they’d boost manufacturing at home. But groups like AFL-CIO and United Auto Workers have been quiet since Thursday. The United Steelworkers spoke up, unhappy this time, on the northern neighbour’s behalf: “The decision not to exempt Canada ignores the fact that Canada’s steel and aluminum exports to the United States are fairly traded and that Canada has shown its willingness to strengthen its laws as well as its cooperation with the United States to fight unfair trade.”

Predictably, conservative think tanks were grumpy, as they traditionally back free trade. The Conservative Enterprise Institute: “President Trump’s steel and aluminum tariffs against our allies are a huge mistake. While the tariffs could potentially save 33,000 steel jobs, the harms to downstream industries from automobiles to construction to food production could result in a net loss of 146,000 American jobs.” And Freedom Partners, part of the right-wing industrialist Koch brothers’ network: “Trade wars hurt everyone. They trigger retaliatory tariffs from our trade partners. American families need affordable access to household goods – not higher prices driven by tariffs. We urge the Trump administration to abandon these tariffs.”

READ: These are all the U.S. products Canada may hit with tariffs, including pipes, pizzas and pens

This week, these organizations found themselves linking arms with the likes of the left-leaning Economic Policy Institute: “He doesn’t have a strategy that’s going to lead to making American manufacturing great again. There will continue to be a series of tit-for-tat battles,” says Robert Scott, a trade expert at the institute, told USA Today.

The business world, which will have to pay higher prices for imported steel and face new export surcharges on many things they ship, are also miffed. Look no farther than the alcoholic beverage realm to understand the impacts. Pete Coors, chairman of Miller Coors, cohosted a Trump campaign fundraiser two years ago. His beer giant also uses mass amounts of imported aluminum. “I love what the president’s done in most cases but the tariff is basically a tax on people who use aluminum.”

And the distillers in Kentucky, whose bourbon is the target of retaliatory tariffs from Canada and Europe, may be reaching for the hard stuff. “We remain hopeful that continued negotiations will avoid a costly trade war and protect our allies and partnerships around the world, which will continue to benefit spirits producers and consumers for years to come,” said the Kentucky Distillers’ Association.

Even the country’s Aluminum Association, whose foreign rivals were getting hit with tariffs, was unhappy. “The association, which represents the majority of aluminum production and jobs in the United States, believes that no country that operates as a market economy should be subject to unnecessary and disruptive tariffs or quotas. The administration’s trade remedies should specifically target structural aluminum overcapacity in China,” the group said.

READ: Donald Trump’s tariffs don’t protect American security—they jeopardize it

Fans of the newest Trump tariffs are hard to find. Google “pro-Trump economist” and you find Stephen Moore, one of his former advisers. On this, he’s not pro-Trump. “It will be more expensive to buy a car or manufacture goods. It’s a risky strategy, but I don’t see Trump necessarily backing down. He’s trying to get these countries to negotiate, and it might take months to settle,” Moore told a Chinese TV program. He also agreed with Prime Minister Justin Trudeau about the absurdity of using national security as pretense to punish Canada: “There are some cases where you have some strategic assets or minerals or you could even possibly make the case steel is something an industrial country needs to maintain its military. But automobiles? I mean, come on. That’s just not a very credible claim to say our national security is at stake because we’re driving German or Japanese autos.”

The pro side
So who’s left to cheer on Trump? There’s conspiracy monger and Trump-loving Twitter troll Jack Posobiec: “Other countries impose import restrictions on US goods, now the US is imposing tariffs on their goods. Finally someone has the guts to fight back!” he tweeted.

And while the aluminum lobby was unimpressed, the Steel Manufacturers Association will applaud: “We support President Trump’s objectives under section 232 to remove the threat that steel import surges pose to our national security and restore the domestic steel industry to health.”

Peter Navarro provided the pro-tariffs perspective in a newspaper op-ed, doing his part as Trump’s director of the National Trade Council. He wrote about a new aluminum plant in Kentucky. “There can be no better way to make America — and American manufacturing — great again than to start to rebuild those communities of America most harmed by the forces of globalization. These new facilities will stand as shining testimony to the success of tough trade actions, smart tax policies and targeted worker-training programs.

Fox Business would seem like a good sanctuary for pro-Trump voices on a week like this. Host Lou Dobbs got giddy: “Just read the most succinct policy statement a president has ever written. It reads, here’s his tweet. ‘Fair trade!’ Exclamation mark. Like I said: this president is a marvel.”

But even Fox Business wasn’t the positive feedback loop Trump hoped for. Another anchor, Tegan McDowell, said: “You have a policy and retaliation from allies of ours that going to drive up prices for businesses and consumers, introduce business uncertainty, and maybe lose jobs. This is all by edict out of the White House. And quite frankly, if President Obama had pulled this, we would all be sitting here screaming to the high heavens, pulling our hair out.”

3 Jun 2018 Ferado

STEVTA’s deputed Emp’s move SC against removal from LP’s

Karachi: Whereas the Sindh Technical Education and Vocational Training Authority (STEVTA) is working smoothly, the deputed employees, who were removed from lucrative posts, have planned to approach the Supreme Court of Pakistan against the Sindh government.

Interestingly, these deputed employees are using the platform of authority’s employees’ union, Sindh Technical Education Employees Union, against Sindh’s top bureaucracy including administrative secretary and the managing director.

The sources confided to Labour News that the office bearers of the union demanded donations of Rs 25,000, Rs 50,000 and Rs 100,000 from at least 190 different technical institutions which fall under the ambit of the STEVTA.

“These deputed employees have become an earthworm for the authority and they are enjoying all the facilities like allotment of heavy vehicles, fuel cards, maintenance expenditure by blackmailing the authority’s high ups threatening that they would launch province-wide strike against the authority’s management if they (those deputed) are not accommodated as per their wishes”, sources alleged.

In the past, authority’s important posts that included Director Administration, Director Operations, Director Services etc were occupied by the deputed employees who have been removed following the decision of the Supreme Court of Pakistan, the sources added.

According to the sources, those deputed never allowed its former managing directors including S M Kalim Makki, Rafique Ahmed Buriro and Faisal Uqaili to work freely for the betterment of hundreds of technical institutions of the province that are producing skilled labour for the job market.

STEVTA, which is mandated to streamline, upgrade and manage technical education and vocational training in the province in line with national and international job market requirements, has remained within the control of the deputed employees since long that hampered authority’s performance badly.

However, after detailed discussion with the stakeholders, the Sindh government has appointed a senior officer, Muzaffar Ali Bhutto, from the administrative/operation branch of the authority as its managing director few months ago that resulted in extra ordinary performance of the authority in the province, the sources disclosed.

As the deputed employees governed the authority for a couple of years, a number of senior officials including Muzaffar Bhutto remained sidelined and their promotions were withheld for many years. However, all these officials knocked at the doors of the Sindh Services Tribunal that provided them justice.

According to sources, the mafia run by deputed employees with the help of some employees’ union has started agitating against the government’s decision to abstain teaching cadre employees to grab the top slots and enjoy perks and privileges.