19 Aug 2017 Ferado

Two million employable Afghans still jobless

Afghanistan: The Ministry of Labour, Social Affairs, Martyrs and Disabled (MoLSAMD) on Wednesday said that World Bank statistics show that more than two million Afghans who are eligible for work are either jobless or having no proper employment.

Meanwhile, the head of The International Labour Organization (ILO) in Afghanistan has asked the Afghan government to search for new ways to overcome the issue of unemployment in the country.

The remarks were made during a meeting between representatives of government and the ILO with the participation of a number of entrepreneurs and employment supporting institutions.

“If we curb the scale of unemployment in the country, this will help to decrease the gap between the people and the government and the economy will improve,” said Maroof Qaeri, head of the labour union.

“Afghanistan needs to organize national meetings on the issue of unemployment every year once or twice to seek ways on how to overcome the issue of unemployment,” said Manzoor Khaliqi, head of ILO in Afghanistan.

The Minister of Labour, Social Affairs, Martyrs and Disabled said that unemployment is one of the biggest problems, but added that government is focused on investing in development projects and infrastructure to decrease the scale of unemployment.

He said that on average, more than 400,000 newcomers enter the work market in Afghanistan each year.

“There is the problem of entrepreneurship, but the private sector is the important platform in the employment sector, the government must take steps to expand the activities of the private sector in the country,” said acting minister of labour Faizullah Zaki.

Meanwhile, a number of labourers in Kabul have said that government does not have any comprehensive plan to create jobs and decrease unemployment.

“Every day we wait here till 4pm and return home with a lot of shame, what should we do,” said labourer Juma Khan.

This comes at a time that the leaders of the national unity government have persistently promised the Afghan public over the past three years that they will start mega projects in the country to overcome the issue of unemployment.

19 Aug 2017 Ferado

10 lakh officials to protest against banking reforms

New Delhi: Around 10 lakh bankers will go on strike on August 22 as talks between the United Forum of Bank Unions (UFBU) on one side and Indian Banks’ Association, chief labour commissioner and the Department of Financial Services (DFS) failed on Friday, said a union leader.
The forum is an umbrella body of nine unions in the Indian banking sector.

The UFBU has given notice of a nationwide strike on August 22 to protest against reforms in the banking sector and other issues.

“The officials from IBA and DFS said there is no merger of government-owned banks or privatisation in the immediate future and urged us to withdraw our strike call. The talks were not satisfactory as there was nothing concrete coming from their side,” D Thomas Franco Rajendra Dev, general secretary of the All India Bank Officers Confederation (AIBOC) told IANS after the meeting.

He said that around 10 lakh bankers working in around 132,000 branches would be on strike on August 22.

19 Aug 2017 Ferado

Kidnapped workers of Chinese company recovered

Tank: Workers of a Chinese firm abducted from the Frontier Region of Tank a week ago, were recovered on Tuesday.
On August 9, four workers of the Chinese oil and gas survey company, PJP, were napped from the border area of FR Tank-Lakki Marwat district. The Chinese company is responsible for conducting a survey focusing on gas reserves in the area.

Supervisor Riaz, bulldozer operator Shaukat, driver Amir Mohammad Khan and private security guard Zaro Jan were reportedly among the employees who were kidnapped.

The kidnapped workers were recovered by the security forces in a search operation launched in the area on Tuesday, however, the kidnappers managed to flee, according to reports.

19 Aug 2017 Ferado

MUMBAI: Two associations representing more than 1,600 pilots plan to take India’s aviation regulator to court over a new rule, which requires them to serve a notice period of up to one year when they resign from an airline. The Directorate General of Civil Aviation introduced the rule on Wednesday.

“We had petitioned at the Bombay High Court even when the rule was in its draft stages. Then, we were told it was too early to appeal. Now that it’s been implemented despite a

19 Aug 2017 Ferado

Why female migrants are prone to sexual abuse in Cambodia

COMBODIA: Despite having a raft of measures to prevent gender-based crimes in Cambodia, women continue to face rampant sexual abuse and harassment. Experts say strict implementation of laws is needed to curb the problems.
Cambodia’s bustling capital Phnom Penh is full of places filled with excitement, entertainment and opportunities. These features have acted as a significant pull factor, attracting huge numbers of people from across the country and doubling the city’s population over the past decade.

The primary motivation for most of these migrants coming to the capital is to seek either education or work. Although this rural-urban migration is having a positive impact on the Southeast Asian country’s economy, it has also created numerous problems, particularly in the case of female migrants.

Among the major issues they encounter in the city are sexual abuse, harassment and assaults. The problems hinder equal female participation in society, keeping girls and women from realizing their full potential. They obstruct their access to education, employment, public services and recreational activities.

– Open sewage canals put Phnom Penh’s poorest at risk

– Cambodian garment workers stay poor while dressing the West

“As people are scared of sexual crimes, those in the rural areas do not want to send their daughters to the city to pursue education,” said Tepphallin Ou, vice president of Cambodia Food and service Worker Federation (CFWF), a trade union. “It reinforces the Khmer past tradition of not letting women pursue higher education,” she told DW.

A 2013 report titled Women and Migration in Cambodia released by the Ministry of Planning revealed that 58.5 percent of the female migrants in Phnom Penh sought employment. It also revealed that 32.2 percent of women who migrated to Phnom Penh were employed as garment workers, while another 10.3 percent as service or entertainment workers. And it is those who have to work night shifts that experience harassment and assaults the most.

Tepphalin said: “Those female workers have neither physical nor psychological security, since they are constantly worried about their safety when walking home on the unlighted streets at night.” She added that some drug users also dwell on the same streets, making the women feel even more unsafe.

Another issue relates to the phenomenon of victim blaming, which remains widespread in Cambodia. When it comes to sexual crimes, society usually is ready to hurl the blame toward women.

“When girls and women are assaulted or raped, they are somehow found to be at fault. Even in 2017 Cambodian women are still doubted and blamed for the violence carried out against them, sometimes even by those whose duty it is to protect their rights,” Boramey Hun, country director of the NGO Action Aid Cambodia, told DW.

-Women account for a significant proportion of the Cambodian workforce and their numbers are rising. They play a critical role in the nation’s economy, with their enormous contribution to sectors such as the garment industry. The Cambodian government recognizes this, which is why it often claims women are the “backbone” of Cambodia’s economy.

But merely issuing such statements, while overlooking women’s safety concerns, is unlikely to be helpful in advancing the cause of female security and empowerment.

To confront the problems, the government has come up with several laws and measures. But lax implementation erodes their effectiveness in tackling the issues and protecting the women. “We demand that the physical environment we live in is made safer and more responsive to our needs, and that employers and public service providers work closely with us to make the lives of young urban women safer and more secure,” Boramey said.

“In practice, this means better lighting in our streets, safer public toilets and amenities. It also means secure, quality and affordable housing, especially for our sisters working in the garment and entertainment sectors.”