In the name of Islam, Pakistan was being created on the map of world on 14th August 1947. But, with great sorrow it is pointed out that the principals of Islam cannot be seen completely in Pakistan.After expiry 70 years of independence, in Pakistan women are facing substantial, systematic challenges. And the most fundamental is the question of exploitation and violence against women rights. There is very fragmented legal frame work for violence against women; also there is no proper mechanism on the ground for proper enforcement. There is no doubt that Pakistan has some good legislation dating back 1961 on family law but the state has always been very apologetic about that.So many times, we see again and again in our country Pakistan that there is no serious commitment to implement good laws that do exists because of the environment which has been created around the question of women rights. Women in Pakistan are demanding change and challenging their political, social and religious institutions. nothing has been done about it. If international community likes to help these women, they should not be defensive or apologetic for fear of offending religious as well as social traditions. If international community is apologetic it confuses the population and makes it harder for forces inside the country to send our message with clarity. The world`s economic forum “global gender gap” report places Pakistan as the second lowest performing country in the world. In Pakistan rural areas instances of violence against women in the form of so-called honor killing, child marriages, acid attacks, domestic and sexual abuses are frequent. These crimes are grossly under reported and seeking justice is difficult due to structural efforts such as the lack of independence of women. There is a criminal justice system and the lack of social support for women. In this environment, progressive laws enacted to protect women against violence have been largely in effective.
According to a report during the year 2013, 56 women were murdered solely for giving birth to girls. This indicative of the deep disdain held for women by large society. 150 women were burnt in acid attacks, incidents of gas leakage and stove burning. 389 incidents of domestic violence were reported in media with police statics, during 2013, 25,76 cases of raped of women were registered In 2014, 105 rape cases were registered and 34 gang rape . In 2015, 144 rape cases and 35 gang rape were registered. Most of the nominate cities are Mandi Baha Ud Din, Rehimyar Khan, Layyah, Bahawalnagar,Fasilabad, Shekhupura, Muzaffar Garh, Khanywal, Kasur and Chinniot Districts. Although, Lahore is the most developed city of Province Punjab yet it is facing same phenomena. 101516 rape cases were registered from January to June in 2016 in Punjab including Lahore.
Many women are being exploited by male dominant society in Pakistan every year. One of the most important is building material industry is the brick kiln industry. Near about, 1.5 million Males and Females are connecting to this industry as employees. They are doing this job generation after generation. They are facing physical torture and sexual harassment especially female employees if any of male members manage to run away from the kiln, the owners direct their vengeance towards the women”. There is no law for their protection. Honors threatened female kiln workers with saver consequences if they demand a raise in return for their labour. The brick kiln worker can seek loans from the honors but they cannot pay back this loan because of their meager earnings and the high intrest rates imposed on them. The young girl works as “PATHAIR”, or un-baked brick maker help their parents in the baked breaking tasks of carrying clay and bricks. Also the females work to accompany with their family to the work place at 6 o, clock in the morning and they work all day, ending late when it is dark. During summer, it becomes hard to sustain the heat and work pressure. Often their hands are burnt while carrying baked bricks. It is a daily routine in Pakistan, where the International Labour Organisation (ILO) estimates that over 12 Million children work as child labour, but now the Government of Punjab province has imposed ban and also they have pass a bill in the name of CHILD LABOUR ELIMINATION IN BRICK KILN INDUSTRY 2016 from the Punjab Province Assembly.
A labour representative organisation namely All Pakistan Federation of United Trade Unions (APFUTU) say “The work leads to many in-justices in a sector that makes extensive use of bonded labour”. Brick Kilns are dungeons for workers where he stock, hand burn, servitude and discrimination prevail. The brick kiln worker are not allowed to register with social welfare, old age benefits, social security and labour department, which entitled them to certain rights. Female workers have virtually no rights as most of them do not even possess a national identity card, which is a basic document to prove a person`s existence in government records.
According to the United Nation Development Programs, 21 per cent of Pakistan`s population of 180 million people live below the poverty line. Female bonded labourers mean that they are trapped into a perpetual cycle of dead that is often passed on to generations of the same family. Many kiln employers provides loans to workers who are then unable to repay and have no choice, but to work as SLAVE. A practice that is wide spread despite being outlawed in 1992. Most brick kiln workers live at the kiln factories, in cramped condition, sharing basic amenities such as water supply.
Cases of sexual violence against women and children are common. Most of the female workers who work at kiln have had no wages. Women face serious
hardships, work for them is utterly unpaid and it never ends, as they are supposed to perform all household chores. The female workers contract many ailments caused by the difficulty of the tasks they perform throughout their lives.
The All Pakistan Federation of United Trade Unions (APFUTU) are urging the country`s brick kilns industry to change the pay system, so that women labourers are paid directly instead of their wages going to the male heads of their family. All Pakistan Federation of United Trade Unions (APFUTU) say, thousands of women are producing bricks in Pakistan and they are not being paid directly, and the industry has no record of these workers.
Their work is without earning. The atmosphere is very tough, but female workers can’t stop working. There are many women who get beaten by their husbands whenever they demand money, but are unable to leave their husbands and family, because this is considered unethical and shameful for their parents. So, there is no choice except working with this reality.
Pakistan is not unique in the world for having a domestic violence problem, but the type of violence may differ. It is not just physical violence. It takes on different forms, like if a women is not allowed to study, to go to college, despite the being a good student, or if there is control over a women and she can’t even go to Bazaar, because, her husband is away at the time. There is also the thorny issue of inheritance`s violence, which too often requires that a female family member scarifies her life and happiness in order to secure inheritance.
Some time feuds settled by offering a daughter or a sister`s hands in marriage. The concept of marrying of female family member to an in animate object, such as the holy book QURAN, or an animal, is too often amply to insure that the inheritance will never be lost. There is a case in Bahawalpur where the lady was married to a Pigeon, just to save the inheritance. I mean, what kind of Islam is that? As the Islam teach to the Muslims that your Mothers, Sisters and Daughters are entitled to get their share from inheritance. In Pakistan, Muslim women don’t ask for any right outside the Holly QURAN. So, if Almighty Allah said in QURAN that the daughter gets half their inheritance. We say at least she should be given that.
The All Pakistan Federation of United Trade unions (APFUTU) are fighting for such phenomena since 1992. Although, APFUTU is facing very hardships and many hurdles in this way, just like rigid communities and some other sectors, as they do not want to see Pakistan on the way to progress. Also APFUTU is facing lack of funds as there is no any Donor, Organisation, Political party and Government who help to the APFUTU for this noble cause. The APFUTU continuing this project through its own little resources and APFUTU also have feared that in future it may not able that it could continue this noble practice. Yet, we are determined to solve such problems in Pakistan.
It is duty of National as well as international organisations that they join their hands with us for a noble cause.