Turkey’s Revolutionary Workers Unions Confederation Research Department (DISC-R) Turkey Statistics Institute (TUIK) announced February 15, 2019 the day of November 2018 period, the Household Labor Force Survey, which are disclosed by TEO January 2019 period data, Social Security Institution (SGK) is described by November 2018 period, the insured statistics and Family, Labor and Social Services (MCHFP) announced by January 2019 data evaluated. The evaluations of DISK-AR regarding unemployment and employment are given below.
The deterioration of employment caused by the economic crisis is increasingly seen. There is an earthquake in unemployment. The number of unemployed in the last year increased by more than 700 thousand, while in August-November 2018, employment decreased by one million people. As a result of the decline in industrial production and growth, unemployment is experiencing an earthquake. The data on labor markets announced by various institutions such as TURKSTAT, SGK, MCHFP and ISKUR show that the crisis has caused a serious increase in unemployment and this trend will continue.
According to TURKSTAT, narrowly defined (standard) unemployment increased by 2 percentage points to 10.3 percent in November 2017 from 10.3 percent in November 2017. In November 2017, the number of narrowly defined unemployed persons increased from 3 million 275 thousand to 706 thousand persons compared to the previous year and increased to 3 million 981 thousand. Thus, the number of unemployed people narrowly reached the 4 million limit.
The number of wide-defined unemployed people increased to 6 million 646 thousand, while the wide-defined unemployment rate was calculated as 19.3 percent. According to November 2017, the number of wide-defined unemployed increased by 665 thousand.
The contraction in employment continues in parallel with the large contraction in industrial production. seriously declined with the crisis of the annual employment creation capacity of Turkey’s economy. In November 2017, 28 million 515 thousand of total employment declined by 201 thousand to 28 million 314 thousand in November 2018. Between August 2018 and November 2018, employment decreased by 1 million 4 thousand.
The non-agricultural unemployment rate, which should be taken into consideration in terms of unemployment, increased by 2.1 percentage points compared to the same period of the previous year and rose from 12.2 percent to 14.3 percent. The rapid increase in non-agricultural unemployment is remarkable
Youth unemployment increased by 4.3 percentage points from November 2017 to 19.6 percent in November 2018, to 23.6 percent. women’s unemployment increased by 1.3 points compared to November 2017 and was realized as 14.7 in November 2018 from 13.4. Non-agricultural women’s unemployment rose to 18.4 percent.
The percentage of young people (NEET, idle travelers) who are employed in education and education is 24.3 percent.
Another indicator of the unemployment earthquake caused by the economic crisis is the increase in unemployment insurance applications. According to the data of ISKUR, in January 2019, a claim has been made for unemployment benefit applications. In January 2018, the number of applications increased by 77 percent from 145,000 in January 2019 to over 257,000. In January 2018, the number of people receiving monthly unpaid unemployment increased by 50 percent to 439 thousand, and rose to 655 thousand in December 2018.
ISKUR data also show that unemployment is increasing. The earthquake in unemployment was also reflected in the number of unemployed unemployed. While the number of unemployed people registered with İŞKUR was 2.4 million in January 2018, it reached 3.8 million in January 2019. The increase in the number of registered unemployed is in line with the upward trend in unemployment.
Turkey on the one hand and high inflation on the other hand is experiencing an economic crisis and high unemployment are seen together. The economic recession and contraction are accompanied by high unemployment and inflation rates.
Thus, it is seen that the employment campaign carried out with huge incentives based on the arbitrary use of the Unemployment Insurance Fund did not work and the worst result of the crisis emerged as the unemployment earthquake.